dating civil war bullets

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Dating a Civil War Campsite

Nice dropped bullet. With cylindrical lead bullets diameter is number one, length and weight less so. Measures over 8 bullets in length and approx. Decoying minie Yanks, Jackson's Valley Campaign ; 8. Alternatively, you can download the Sivilich Formula calculator in a downloadable Excel file to find the estimated original diameter of a musket ball using its weight. This unusual type has a deep cone cavity and thin skirt. Vintage Sharps Carbine with marked patent date of. Q: I found a 3-ringer bullet. Used in muskets and shotguns by mounted troops and effective in close range scraps.


Looks great in a library shelf or among your other Civil War collectibles. This type of buckle was attached to cartridge boxes. This one has nice patina. Usually ships in business days. Civil condition. Good condition; great patina. Measures over 8 bullets in length and approx. Estate sale find. Great Brown Patina. Dug on private property innovations the Shiloh Battlefield in Tennessee. Old ball buckle made in England. Since England supplied the confederacy with supplies, this is most likely a Confederate buckle. Sorry, this ball is sold out.


Musket balls are one of the earliest forms of bullets that are fired from muskets and rifles. Archaeologists and metal-detecting enthusiasts here discovered them all over the world. In the U. These early bullets typically were civol of lead or source alloys, following this standard process: The lead is melted and poured into a two-part mold, down a channel in the mold called a sprue.

After the lead solidifies and the ball is removed from the mold, the sprue is cut from the musket ball with a cutting tool, which leaves some of the casting and a snip line in the lead, a medial ridge, caused by the cutter.

Usually the mold also leaves traces of the mold seam around the circumference of the ball. Hold the ball in your hand. Lead is a very dense metal, and a musket ball bullets feel heavy for its size when compared to something like a glass or clay marble. Look for evidence of a mold seam. Because of the crudeness of some 18th-century molds, the seam of an authentic musket ball may be slightly offset like the one in the photograph above.

Look for evidence of a casting sprue made from the inlet channel of the mold. The lead from the channel is usually clipped off using a sprue cutter and leaves a medial ridge on the sprue.

Note: not all musket balls have an obvious casting sprue mark. Examine the ball for a patina. Authentic musket balls are not shiny gray lead. Musket balls buried underground for years develop a coating of lead carbonates, sulfides and oxides. This coating is usually white or light tan. However, the presence of tannic acid datingg trees or high levels of iron oxide in the soil can darken the color of an authentic musket ball to a deep reddish-brown.

A gray-colored ball with a blistery surface may be authentic, but it was molded from an alloy of lead and pewter or lead and tin. This was a common practice used by the American army during the American Revolutionary War, since lead was in short supply. If the ball is round, measure its diameter in inches with a set of calipers, but do not take the measurement on the mold seam. Typically, musket balls range in diameter from 0. The British Brown Bess musket had a 0. Charleville-style French muskets, article source were supplied to the Continental Army, had a 0.

Rifles took smaller balls, measuring less than 0. Lead balls with diameters of less than 0. If a musket bullet is not spherical, measure its weight in grams using a scale with at least 0. Calculate the ball's diameter with the Dating civil war bullets Formula:. The result will yield a reasonable approximation of the original diameter of swift dating schwarzenegger musket ball.

Alternatively, you can download the Sivilich Formula calculator in a fivil Excel file to find the estimated original diameter of a musket ball using its weight. Archaeologists have discovered authentic musket balls that were severely misshapen for a variety of reasons, but typically balls were misshapen from being fired and hitting a target. Daniel Sivilich is author of "Musket Ball and Small Shot Identification: A Guide" and has more than 30 years of field experience in prehistoric and historic archaeology.

He is one of the founders of electronic battlefield archaeology and has developed a widely used formula for determining the diameter of a non-spherical musket ball. The database based on Word Vating is a lexical database for the English Language. See disclaimer. Things Needed. About the Author.